Node.js/Express RestAPIs – Angular 14 HttpClient – Get/Post/Put/Delete requests + Bootstrap 4

Node.js/Express RestAPIs – Angular 14 HttpClient – Get/Post/Put/Delete requests + Bootstrap 4

Angular provides the HttpClient in @angular/common/http for front-end applications communicate with backend services. In the tutorial, we show how to build an Angular application that uses the HttpClient to make get/post/put/delete requests with Observable apis to Node.js RestAPIs.

Related posts:
Angular 14 Service – with Observable Data for Asynchronous Operation
Angular 14 Routing/Navigation – with Angular Router Service
Angular 14 Template Driven Form – NgModel for Two-Way Data Binding

Technologies

  • Angular 14
  • RxJS 6
  • Bootstrap 4
  • Visual Studio Code – version 1.24.0
  • Nodejs – v8.11.3

Overview

Goal

We create 2 projects:

– Angular Client Project:

angular-6-http-client-node.js-rest-apis-post-get-put-delete +angular-project-structure

– Node.js RestAPIs project:

angular-6-http-client-node.js-rest-apis-post-get-put-delete + nodejs-restapi-project-structure

UserCase

– Retrieve all customers from Node.js RestAPIs:

angular-6-http-client-node.js-rest-apis-post-get-put-delete + retrieve-all-datas

– Update a customer -> Change the firstname of first customer: ‘Joe’ to ‘Robert’.

angular-6-http-client-get-post-put-delete-reques-to-nodejs-restapi-upadate-joe-to-robert-angular-http-client-update

-> result:

angular-6-http-client-get-post-put-delete-request-to-nodejs-restapi-press-update-button

– Delete ‘Peter’ customer:

angular-6-http-client-get-post-put-delete-request-nodejs-restapi-angular-http-client-delete

– Add a new customer:

angular-6-http-client-get-post-put-delete-request-nodejs-restapi-angular-http-client-post-a-customer

-> result:

angular-6-http-client-get-post-put-delete-request-nodejs-restapi-angular-http-post-a-customer

– Check final customer’s list:

angular-6-http-client-get-post-put-delete-request-nodejs-restapi-final-check

Node.js RestAPIs

Node.js exposes 5 RestAPIs as below:

  • router.post(‘/api/customers’, customers.create);
  • router.get(‘/api/customers’, customers.findAll);
  • router.get(‘/api/customers/:id’, customers.findOne);
  • router.put(‘/api/customers’, customers.update);
  • router.delete(‘/api/customers/:id’, customers.delete);

– Configure cross-origin for Angular-Client which running at port: 4200.

const cors = require('cors')
const corsOptions = {
  origin: 'http://localhost:4200',
  optionsSuccessStatus: 200
}
app.use(cors(corsOptions))

Angular 14 HttpClient

Use Angular HttpClient APIs to do Get/Post/Put/Delete requests to Node.js RestAPIs:

// 1. GET All Customers from remote SpringBoot API @GetMapping(value="/api/customers")
getCustomers (): Observable {
	return this.http.get(this.customersUrl)
}
 
// 2. GET a Customer from remote SpringBoot API @GetMapping(value="/api/customers/{id}")
getCustomer(id: number): Observable {
	const url = `${this.customersUrl}/${id}`;
	return this.http.get(url);
}
 
// 3. POST a Customer to remote SpringBoot API @PostMapping(value="/api/customers")
addCustomer (customer: Customer): Observable {
	return this.http.post(this.customersUrl, customer, httpOptions);
}
 
// 4.DELETE a Customer from remote SpringBoot API @DeleteMapping(value="/api/customers/{id}")
deleteCustomer (customer: Customer | number): Observable {
	const id = typeof customer === 'number' ? customer : customer.id;
	const url = `${this.customersUrl}/${id}`;
 
	return this.http.delete(url, httpOptions);
}
 
// 5. PUT a Customer to remote SpringBoot API @PutMapping(value="/api/customers")
updateCustomer (customer: Customer): Observable {
	return this.http.put(this.customersUrl, customer, httpOptions);
}

Practice

Node.js RestAPIs

Setup Node.js/Express project

Create application directory:

mkdir nodejs-restapi
cd nodejs-restapi

Use the npm init to create ‘package.json’ file:

nodejs-restapi>npm init
This utility will walk you through creating a package.json file.
It only covers the most common items, and tries to guess sensible defaults.

See `npm help json` for definitive documentation on these fields
and exactly what they do.

Use `npm install ` afterwards to install a package and
save it as a dependency in the package.json file.

Press ^C at any time to quit.
package name: (nodejs-restapi)
version: (1.0.0)
description: Node.js RestAPI - GET/POST/PUT/DELETE
entry point: (index.js) server.js
test command:
git repository:
keywords: Node.js,RestAPI,
author: ozenero.com
license: (ISC)
About to write to C:\workspace\nodejs-restapi\package.json:

{
  "name": "nodejs-restapi",
  "version": "1.0.0",
  "description": "Node.js RestAPI - GET/POST/PUT/DELETE",
  "main": "server.js",
  "scripts": {
    "test": "echo \"Error: no test specified\" && exit 1"
  },
  "keywords": [
    "Node.js",
    "RestAPI"
  ],
  "author": "ozenero.com",
  "license": "ISC"
}


Is this OK? (yes) yes

-> Check content of ‘package.json’ file:

{
  "name": "nodejs-restapi",
  "version": "1.0.0",
  "description": "Node.js RestAPI - GET/POST/PUT/DELETE",
  "main": "server.js",
  "scripts": {
    "test": "echo \"Error: no test specified\" && exit 1"
  },
  "keywords": [
    "Node.js",
    "RestAPI"
  ],
  "author": "ozenero.com",
  "license": "ISC"
}

We need express, body-parse and cors modules.
– Express is one of the most popular web frameworks for NodeJs which is built on top of Node.js http module, and adds support for routing, middleware, view system etc.
– Body-parser: parses/extract the body of an incoming HTTP request.
- Cors: a mechanism that uses HTTP headers to tell a browser to let a web application running at one origin (domain) have permission to access selected resources from a server at a different origin.

-> Installing them as commandline npm install express body-parser cors--save :

angular-6-http-client-node.js-rest-apis-post-get-put-delete + install-expres-body-parse-cors-package

-> see ‘package.json’ file:

{
  "name": "nodejs-restapi",
  "version": "1.0.0",
  "description": "Node.js RestAPI - GET/POST/PUT/DELETE",
  "main": "server.js",
  "scripts": {
    "test": "echo \"Error: no test specified\" && exit 1"
  },
  "keywords": [
    "Node.js",
    "RestAPI"
  ],
  "author": "ozenero.com",
  "license": "ISC",
  "dependencies": {
    "body-parser": "^1.18.3",
    "cors": "^2.8.4",
    "express": "^4.16.3"
  }
}

Implement Node.js/Express RestAPIs

- In root folder 'nodejs-restapi', create a ‘server.js’ file:

const express = require('express');
const app = express();
const bodyParser = require('body-parser');
app.use(bodyParser.json())

const cors = require('cors')
const corsOptions = {
  origin: 'http://localhost:4200',
  optionsSuccessStatus: 200
}
app.use(cors(corsOptions))

let customerRouter = require('./app/routes/customer.routes.js');
app.use('/', customerRouter);

// Create a Server
let server = app.listen(8080, function () {
 
  let host = server.address().address
  let port = server.address().port
 
  console.log("App listening at http://%s:%s", host, port)
})

Implement Express Application ->

In root folder ‘nodejs-restapi’, create a router folder ‘/app/routes’. Then create a file ‘/app/routes/customer.routes.js’ for routing requests ‘GET/POST/DELETE/UPDATE’:

let express = require('express');
let router = express.Router();

let customers = require('../controllers/customer.controller.js');

// Create a new Customer
router.post('/api/customers', customers.create);

// Retrieve all Customer
router.get('/api/customers', customers.findAll);

// Retrieve a single Customer by Id
router.get('/api/customers/:id', customers.findOne);

// Update a Customer with Id
router.put('/api/customers', customers.update);

// Delete a Customer with Id
router.delete('/api/customers/:id', customers.delete);

module.exports = router;

In root folder ‘nodejs-restapi’, create a controller folder ‘/app/controllers’. Then create a file ‘/app/controllers/customer.controller.js’ that contains methods for executing above URL requests:

let customers = {
				customer1: {
					id: 1,
					firstname: "Joe",
					lastname: "Thomas",
					age: 36
				},
				customer2: {
					id: 2,
					firstname: "Peter",
					lastname: "Smith",
					age: 18
				},
				customer3: {
					id: 3,
					firstname: "Lauren",
					lastname: "Taylor",
					age: 31
				},
				customer4: {
					id: 4,
					firstname: "Mary",
					lastname: "Taylor",
					age: 24
				},
				customer5: {
					id: 5,
					firstname: "David",
					lastname: "Moore",
					age: 25
				},
				customer6: {
					id: 6,
					firstname: "Holly",
					lastname: "Davies",
					age: 27
				},
				customer7: {
					id: 7,
					firstname: "Michael",
					lastname: "Brown",
					age: 45
				}
			}
 
exports.create = function(req, res) {
	// find the largest ID
	let arr = Object.keys( customers ).map(function ( key ) { return customers[key].id; });
	let newId = Math.max.apply( null, arr ) + 1;
	
	let newCustomer = req.body;
	newCustomer.id = newId;
    customers["customer" + newId] = newCustomer;
    res.json(newCustomer);
};
 
exports.findAll = function(req, res) {
    res.json(Object.values(customers));  
};
 
exports.findOne = function(req, res) {
    let customer = customers["customer" + req.params.id];
    res.json(customer);
};
 
exports.update = function(req, res) {
	let updatedCustomer = req.body; 
	customers["customer" + updatedCustomer.id] = updatedCustomer;
	res.json({msg: "Customer Updated Successfully!"});
};
 
exports.delete = function(req, res) {
    delete customers["customer" + req.params.id];
    res.json({msg: "Customer Deleted Successfully!"});
};

Angular 14 Client

– Create Angular project:

ng new angular6-httpclient

– Generate:

  • Customer Class
  • Customer Service
  • Customer Components
  • App Routing Module

-> Details:

ng generate class Customer
ng generate service Customer
ng generate component Customer
ng generate component CustomerDetails
ng generate component AddCustomer
ng generate module AppRouting

– Install Bootstrap 4:

npm install bootstrap jquery --save

-> Configure installed Bootstrap & JQuery in angular.json file:

...
 
"styles": [
  "src/styles.css",
  "node_modules/bootstrap/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css"
],
"scripts": [
  "node_modules/jquery/dist/jquery.min.js",
  "node_modules/bootstrap/dist/js/bootstrap.min.js"
]
 
...

Data Model

Implement Customer model customer.ts :

export class Customer {
    id: number;
    firstname: string;
    lastname: string;
    age: number;
}

Configure AppModule

In the developed application, we use:

  • Angular Forms -> for building form
  • HttpClient -> for http Get/Post/Put/Delete requests
  • AppRouting -> for app routing

-> Modify AppModule app.module.ts:

import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
 
import { FormsModule }   from '@angular/forms';
import { HttpClientModule }    from '@angular/common/http';
 
import { AppRoutingModule }     from './app-routing/app-routing.module';
 
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import { CustomerComponent } from './customer/customer.component';
import { CustomerDetailsComponent } from './customer-details/customer-details.component';
import { AddCustomerComponent } from './add-customer/add-customer.component';
 
@NgModule({
  declarations: [
    AppComponent,
    CustomerComponent,
    CustomerDetailsComponent,
    AddCustomerComponent
  ],
  imports: [
    BrowserModule,
    FormsModule,
    AppRoutingModule,
    HttpClientModule
  ],
  providers: [],
  bootstrap: [AppComponent]
})
export class AppModule { }

HttpClient DataService

Implement CustomerService customer.service.ts with HttpClient for Get/Post/Put/Delete:

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { HttpClient, HttpHeaders } from '@angular/common/http';
import { Observable } from 'rxjs';
import { Customer } from './customer';

const httpOptions = {
  headers: new HttpHeaders({ 'Content-Type': 'application/json' })
};

@Injectable({
  providedIn: 'root'
})
export class CustomerService {
  private customersUrl = 'http://localhost:8080/api/customers';  // URL to web api
  constructor( 
    private http: HttpClient
  ) { }

  getCustomers (): Observable {
    return this.http.get(this.customersUrl)
  }

  getCustomer(id: number): Observable {
    const url = `${this.customersUrl}/${id}`;
    return this.http.get(url);
  }

  addCustomer (customer: Customer): Observable {
    return this.http.post(this.customersUrl, customer, httpOptions);
  }

  deleteCustomer (customer: Customer | number): Observable {
    const id = typeof customer === 'number' ? customer : customer.id;
    const url = `${this.customersUrl}/${id}`;

    return this.http.delete(url, httpOptions);
  }

  updateCustomer (customer: Customer): Observable {
    return this.http.put(this.customersUrl, customer, httpOptions);
  }
}

Angular Router

Implement App-Routing module app-routing.module.ts:

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { RouterModule, Routes } from '@angular/router';
import { CustomerComponent } from '../customer/customer.component';
import { AddCustomerComponent } from '../add-customer/add-customer.component';
import { CustomerDetailsComponent } from '../customer-details/customer-details.component';
 
const routes: Routes = [
   { 
     path: 'customers', 
     component: CustomerComponent 
   },
   { 
     path: 'customer/add', 
     component: AddCustomerComponent 
   },
   { 
     path: 'customers/:id', 
     component: CustomerDetailsComponent 
   },
   { 
     path: '', 
     redirectTo: 'customers', 
     pathMatch: 'full'
   }, 
];
 
@NgModule({
  imports: [ RouterModule.forRoot(routes) ],
  exports: [ RouterModule ]
})
 
export class AppRoutingModule {}

Router Outlet & Router Links

-> Questions:

  • How to show Componenets with Angular Routers? -> Solution: using Router Outlet
  • How to handle the routing that comes from user’s actions? (like clicks on anchor tag) -> Solution: using Router Link

-> We can achieve above functions by using Angular’s router-outlet and routerLink.

Modify the template file app.component.html of AppComponenet component as below:

<div class="container">
  <div class="row">
    <div class="col-sm-4">  
      <h1>Angular HttpClient</h1>
      <ul class="nav justify-content-center">
          <li class="nav-item">
              <a routerLink="customers" class="btn btn-light btn-sm" role="button" routerLinkActive="active">Retrieve</a> 
          </li>
          <li class="nav-item">
              <a routerLink="customer/add" class="btn btn-light btn-sm" role="button" routerLinkActive="active">Create</a>
          </li>
      </ul>
      <hr>
      <router-outlet></router-outlet>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

Customer Component

customer Component ->

angular-6-http-client-get-post-put-delete-request-nodejs-restapi-retrieve-all-customer-angular-http-client-get-request-1

– Implement CustomerComponent class customer.component.ts:

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { Customer } from '../customer';
import { CustomerService } from '../customer.service';
 
 
@Component({
  selector: 'app-customer',
  templateUrl: './customer.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./customer.component.css']
})
 
export class CustomerComponent  implements OnInit {
 
  customers: Customer[];
 
  constructor(private customerService: CustomerService) {}
 
  ngOnInit(): void {
     this.getCustomers();
  }
 
  getCustomers() {
    return this.customerService.getCustomers()
               .subscribe(
                 customers => {
                  console.log(customers);
                  this.customers = customers
                 }
                );
 }
}

– Implement the template customer.component.html :

<h5>All Customers</h5>
<div *ngFor="let cust of customers">
  <a [routerLink]="['/customers', cust.id]" style="color:black"><span class="badge badge-dark">{{cust.id}}</span> -> {{ cust.firstname }}</a>
</div>

Customer Detail Component

Customer Detail ->

angular-6-http-client-get-post-put-delete-request-nodejs-restapi-customer-details

-> results:

angular-6-http-client-get-post-put-delete-request-nodejs-restapi-press-update-button-1

angular-6-http-client-get-post-put-delete-request-nodejs-restapi-angular-http-client-delete-1

– Implement CustomerDetails class customer-details.component.ts:

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { Customer } from '../customer';
import { CustomerService } from '../customer.service';
 
import { ActivatedRoute, Params } from '@angular/router';
import { Location } from '@angular/common';
 
@Component({
  selector: 'app-customer-details',
  templateUrl: './customer-details.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./customer-details.component.css']
})
export class CustomerDetailsComponent implements OnInit {
 
  customer = new Customer() ;
  submitted = false;
  message: string;
 
  constructor(
    private customerService: CustomerService,
    private route: ActivatedRoute,
    private location: Location
  ) {}
 
  ngOnInit(): void {
    const id = +this.route.snapshot.paramMap.get('id');
    this.customerService.getCustomer(id)
      .subscribe(customer => this.customer = customer);
  }
 
  update(): void {
    this.submitted = true;
    this.customerService.updateCustomer(this.customer)
        .subscribe(() => this.message = "Customer Updated Successfully!");
  }
 
  delete(): void {
    this.submitted = true;
    this.customerService.deleteCustomer(this.customer.id)
        .subscribe(()=> this.message = "Customer Deleted Successfully!");
  }
 
  goBack(): void {
    this.location.back();
  }
}

– Implement CustomerDetailsComponent template customer-details.component.html :

<h4><span class="badge badge-light ">{{customer.id}}</span> -> {{customer.firstname}}</h4>
<div [hidden]="submitted">
    <form (ngSubmit)="update()" #detailCustomerForm="ngForm">
      <div class="form-group">
        <label for="firstname">First Name</label>
        <input type="text" class="form-control" id="firstname" required
        [(ngModel)]="customer.firstname" name="firstname" #firstname="ngModel">
        <div [hidden]="firstname.valid || firstname.pristine"
             class="alert alert-danger">
            First Name is required
        </div>
      </div>
      
      <div class="form-group">
        <label for="lastname">Last Name</label>
        <input type="text" class="form-control" id="lastname" required
        [(ngModel)]="customer.lastname" name="lastname" #lastname="ngModel">
        <div [hidden]="lastname.valid || lastname.pristine"
             class="alert alert-danger">
            Last Name is required
        </div>
      </div>
      
      <div class="form-group">
        <label for="age">Age</label>
        <input type="number" class="form-control" id="age" required
        [(ngModel)]="customer.age" name="age" #age="ngModel">
        <div [hidden]="age.valid || age.pristine"
             class="alert alert-danger">
            Age is required
        </div>
      </div>

      <div class="btn-group btn-group-sm">
        <button type="button" class="btn btn-dark" (click)="goBack()">Back</button>
        <button type="submit" class="btn btn-dark" (click)="update()" [disabled]="!detailCustomerForm.form.valid">Update</button>
        <button type="button" class="btn btn-dark" (click)="delete()">Delete</button>
	    </div>
    </form>
</div>
 
<div [hidden]="!submitted">
    <p>{{message}}</p>
    <div class="btn-group btn-group-sm">
      <button type="button" class="btn btn-dark" (click)="goBack()">Back</button>
    </div>
</div>

We can change the value of ng-valid & ng-invalid for more visual feedback,
-> Create ./assets/forms.css file:

.ng-valid[required], .ng-valid.required  {
    border-left: 5px solid rgba(32, 77, 32, 0.623);
}
 
.ng-invalid:not(form)  {
    border-left: 5px solid rgb(148, 27, 27);
}

Add ./assets/forms.css file to index.html :

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <title>Angular6Httpclient</title>
  <base href="/">
 
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
  <link rel="icon" type="image/x-icon" href="favicon.ico">
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="assets/forms.css">
</head>
<body>
  <app-root></app-root>
</body>
</html>

Add-Customer Component

AddCustomer Component ->

angular-6-http-client-get-post-put-delete-request-nodejs-restapi-angular-http-client-post-a-customer-1

-> result:

angular-6-http-client-get-post-put-delete-request-nodejs-restapi-angular-http-post-a-customer-1

– Implement AddCustomerComponent class add-customer.component.ts:

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { Customer } from '../customer';
import { CustomerService } from '../customer.service';

import { Location } from '@angular/common';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-add-customer',
  templateUrl: './add-customer.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./add-customer.component.css']
})

export class AddCustomerComponent{

  customer = new Customer();
  submitted = false;

  constructor(
    private customerService: CustomerService,
    private location: Location
  ) { }

  newCustomer(): void {
    this.submitted = false;
    this.customer = new Customer();
  }

 addCustomer() {
   this.submitted = true;
   this.save();
 }

  goBack(): void {
    this.location.back();
  }

  private save(): void {
    this.customerService.addCustomer(this.customer)
        .subscribe();
  }
}

– Implement the template add-customer.component.html:

<h3>Add Customer</h3>
<div [hidden]="submitted">
    <form #addCustomerForm="ngForm">

      <div class="form-group">
        <label for="firstname">First Name</label>
        <input type="text" class="form-control" id="firstname" placeholder="Give Customer's FirstName" 
        required
        [(ngModel)]="customer.firstname" name="firstname" #firstname="ngModel">
        <div [hidden]="firstname.valid || firstname.pristine"
             class="alert alert-danger">
            First Name is required
        </div>
      </div>
      
      <div class="form-group">
        <label for="lastname">Last Name</label>
        <input type="text" class="form-control" id="lastname" placeholder="Give Customer's LastName"
        required
        [(ngModel)]="customer.lastname" name="lastname" #lastname="ngModel">
        <div [hidden]="lastname.valid || lastname.pristine"
             class="alert alert-danger">
            Last Name is required
        </div>
      </div>
      
      <div class="form-group">
        <label for="age">Age</label>
        <input type="number" class="form-control" id="age" 
        placeholder="Give Customer's Age"
        required
        [(ngModel)]="customer.age" name="age" #age="ngModel">
        <div [hidden]="age.valid || age.pristine"
             class="alert alert-danger">
            Age is required
        </div>
      </div>
      
      <div class="btn-group btn-group-sm">
      	<button type="button" class="btn btn-dark" (click)="goBack()">Back</button>
      	<button type="button" class="btn btn-dark" (click)="addCustomer()" [disabled]="!addCustomerForm.form.valid">Add</button>
      </div>
    </form>
</div>

<div [hidden]="!submitted">
  <p>Submitted Successfully! -> <span class="badge badge-light">{{customer.firstname}}  {{customer.lastname}}</span></p>
	<div class="btn-group btn-group-sm">
    	<button type="button" class="btn btn-dark" (click)="goBack()">Back</button>
    	<button type="button" class="btn btn-dark" (click)="newCustomer(); addCustomerForm.reset()">Continue</button>
    </div>
</div>

SourceCode

- Angular-6-Http-Client
- Node.js-RestAPIs

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